Real-time hand posture recognition using range data
A hand posture recognition system using 3D data is described. The system relies on a novel 3D sensor that generates a dense range image of the scene. The main advantage of the proposed system, compared to other gesture recognition techniques, is the capability for robust unconstrained recognition of complex hand postures such as those encountered in sign language alphabets. This is achieved by explicitly utilizing 3D hand geometry. Moreover, the proposed approach does not rely on color information, and guarantees robust segmentation of the hand under varying illumination conditions, and scene content. Several novel 3D image analysis algorithms are presented, covering the complete processing chain: 3D image acquisition, arm segmentation, hand–forearm segmentation, hand pose estimation, 3D feature extraction, and gesture classification. The proposed system is extensively evaluated.