Monte Carlo analysis of the two-dimensional XY model. II. Comparison with the Kosterlitz renormalization-group equations
The temperature scale of relevance for the vortex excitations in the two-dimensional XY model is identified. The size dependence of the helicity modulus at constant vortex temperature is then obtained by Monte Carlo simulations. The Monte Carlo data are then compared with the results for the length-dependent dielectric function from the Kosterlitz renormalization-group equations. The agreement is excellent for temperatures up to and slightly above Tc. The critical temperature is determined to be Tc=0.892 13(10). The temperature dependence of the characteristic length right above Tc is also obtained and found to be in agreement with recent results from high-temperature series expansions.