Induction coil sensors—a review
This review describes induction coil sensors, which are also known as search coils, pickup coils or magnetic loop sensors. The design methods for coils with air and ferromagnetic cores are compared and summarized. The frequency properties of coil sensors are analysed and various methods for output signal processing are presented. Special kinds of induction sensors, such as Rogowski coil, gradiometer sensors, vibrating coil sensors, tangential field sensors and needle probes are described. The applications of coil sensors as magnetic antennae are also presented.