The fluxgate magnetometer
Presents a review of fluxgate magnetometry based on a survey of the literature and on the work of the author and colleagues. The theory is outlined and an evaluation of the merit of the different types of sensors is made based on the sensor geometry. The design of a second-harmonic feedback magnetometer is discussed with respect to sensor configuration, frequency response, noise, offset, temperature dependence and long-term stability. Examples of the parameters are compiled from the literature and some new results on the long-term stability are presented.