Discovery of (2S)-1-[4-(2-6-Amino-8-[(6-bromo-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)sulfanyl]-9H-purin-9-ylethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-2-hydroxypropan-1-one (MPC-3100), a Purine-Based Hsp90 Inhibitor
Modulation of Hsp90 (heat shock protein 90) function has been recognized as an attractive approach for cancer treatment, since many cancer cells depend on Hsp90 to maintain cellular homeostasis. This has spurred the search for small-molecule Hsp90 inhibitors. Here we describe our lead optimization studies centered on the purine-based Hsp90 inhibitor 28a containing a piperidine moiety at the purine N9 position. In this study, key SAR was established for the piperidine N-substituent and for the congeners of the 1,3-benzodioxole at C8. These efforts led to the identification of orally bioavailable 28g that exhibits good in vitro profiles and a characteristic molecular biomarker signature of Hsp90 inhibition both in vitro and in vivo. Favorable pharmacokinetic properties along with significant antitumor effects in multiple human cancer xenograft models led to the selection of 28g (MPC-3100) as a clinical candidate.