Statistical Location Model for Abdominal Organ Localization
edited by: Guang-Zhong Yang, David Hawkes, Daniel Rueckert, Alison Noble, Chris Taylor
Initial placement of the models is an essential pre-processing step for model-based organ segmentation. Based on the observation that organs move along with the spine and their relative locations remain relatively stable, we built a statistical location model (SLM) and applied it to abdominal organ localization. The model is a point distribution model which learns the pattern of variability of organ locations relative to the spinal column from a training set of normal individuals. The localization is achieved in three stages: spine alignment, model optimization and location refinement. The SLM is optimized through maximum a posteriori estimation of a probabilistic density model constructed for each organ. Our model includes five organs: liver, left kidney, right kidney, spleen and pancreas. We validated our method on 12 abdominal CTs using leave-one-out experiments. The SLM enabled reduction in the overall localization error from 62.0±28.5 mm to 5.8±1.5 mm. Experiments showed that the SLM was robust to the reference model selection.