Monte Carlo simulations on mesophase formation using dipolar Gay–Berne model
Abstract We report the results of a Monte Carlo simulation of polar particles interacting via the Gay-Berne potential combining dipole-dipole interactions. Simulations were carried out on a system of 256 particles with either a zero dipole moment or longitudinal dipole moment located at the centre of the molecule. The system was found to spontaneously form nematic, smectic and crystal phases from an isotropic phase with a random configuration as temperature was decreased, irrespective of values of the dipole moment. The results do not give any indication of a net polarization even in the system with a strong dipole moment (?? = 2.00). The transition temperature from the isotropic to nematic phase is not sensitive to the value of the dipole moment within the limits of statistical error, while the transition from the nematic to smectic phase depends on the strength of dipole moment. At lower temperatures forming the smectic or the crystal phase, the translational order along the director increases with increasing dipole moment. The dipolar interactions contribute to the long range ordering.