Dynamics of simulated water under pressure
We present molecular dynamics simulations of the extended simple-point-charge model of water to probe the dynamic properties at temperatures from 350 K down to 190 K and pressures from 2.5 GPa (25 kbar) down to -300 MPa (-3 kbar). We compare our results with those obtained experimentally, both of which show a diffusivity maximum as a function of pressure. We find that our simulation results are consistent with the predictions of the mode-coupling theory for the dynamics of weakly supercooled liquids—strongly supporting the hypothesis that the apparent divergences of dynamic properties observed experimentally may be independent of a possible thermodynamic singularity at low temperature. The dramatic change in water’s dynamic and structural properties as a function of pressure allows us to confirm the predictions of MCT over a much broader range of the von Schweidler exponent values than has been studied for simple atomic liquids. We also show how structural changes are reflected in the wave-vector dependence of dynamic properties of the liquid along a path of nearly constant diffusivity. For temperatures below the crossover temperature of MCT (where the predictions of MCT are expected to fail), we find tentative evidence for a crossover of the temperature dependence of the diffusivity from power-law to Arrhenius behavior, with an activation energy typical of a strong liquid.