Development and characterization of pectin/gelatin hydrogel membranes for wound dressing
The present work deals with the development of pectin-gelatin (PEGE) hydrogel membranes for wound dressing applications. The prepared hydrogels were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, XRD spectroscopy, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) test and tensile strength test. Morphology and thermal stability of the membranes were analyzed by Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The swelling studies of the hydrogels were conducted in different pH buffer solutions (pH 1.4, 5.4, 7.4 and 9.4). FTIR spectra of the hydrogels indicated considerable lowering in usual –OH stretching vibration peak of pectin and gelatin, which suggests the development of probable intermolecular interactions between the two natural polymers. XRD study revealed the decrease in crystallinity of hydrogels as compared to parent pectin. The morphological analysis of the hydrogel revealed highly interconnected honeycomb type architecture with pore size ranging from 10 to 40 μm. It was found that increase in gelatin ratio significantly improves the porous nature of the membranes. TGA study showed the enhanced thermal stability of PEGE hydrogel as compared to reference pectin. Tensile strength (TS) and elongation at break (EB) was found to increase with gelatin content in the hydrogel membranes but further increase leads to decrease in TS and EB. The WVTR analysis of the membranes showed the moisture retentive properties indicating its possible use in moist wound care. The PEGE hydrogels were found to be cytocompatible with B16 melanoma cells.