Intra/inter-ply shear behaviors of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites in thermoforming processes
The thermoforming of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRTP) composite panels generally involves significant in-plane shear deformation. In the present work, the in-plane shear behavior of woven thermoplastic composites (Carbon/Polyphenylene Sulfide) over a range of processing temperatures is studied by bias-test experiments at different velocities. The experimental data of force versus displacement and force versus shear strain are presented for different extension velocities and temperatures. A thermo-visco-elastic model for numerical simulations of woven thermoplastic composite forming is proposed considering the influences of temperature and of strain rate. We applied a large displacement three dimensional cohesive element with eight nodes which has been used for crack analysis in fracture mechanics by other authors, to investigate the inter-ply shear mechanism of woven thermoplastic composites. Applying three dimensional cohesive elements, multi-plies forming simulations are performed to show inter-ply slip behaviors at different temperatures. The proposed models can be useful to predict from the properties of reinforcement and resin the intra/inter ply shear behaviors of woven thermoplastic composites at high temperatures if experimental characterization of composite laminate behaviors is difficult to conduct.