Analysis and stereodifferentiation of linalool in Theobroma cacao and cocoa products using enantioselective multidimensional gas chromatography
Contents and enantiomeric distributions of linalool (3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-ol) were investigated in raw and roasted cocoa beans (seeds of Theobroma cacao) of defined origin as well as in commercial products, such as cocoa powders or chocolates. The stereodifferentiation of linalool was achieved by enantioselective multidimensional gas chromatography using heptakis (2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-β-cyclodextrin as chiral stationary phase. Simultaneous steam distillation–extraction at pH 7 allowed sample preparation without racemization of linalool. Cocoa beans contain linalool primarily as (S)-enantiomer. Model experiments and analyses of commercial products such as cocoa powders and chocolates revealed that technological procedures employed in the manufacturing of cocoa products do not result in significant changes of the original enantiomeric distribution of linalool.