Determination of alkylamine carbonate nonionic-anion oil displacement agent in oil-field water using HPLC after derivatization with 4-methoxybenzenesulfonyl fluoride
In this study, a method for the determination of alkylamine carbonate (AAC) nonionic-anion oil displacement agent in oil-field water was developed for the first time, involving pre-column derivatization using a novel labeling agent and HPLC with diode-array detection. The derivatization and chromatographic separation conditions were investigated thoroughly. The analyte was labeled with 4-methoxybenzenesulfonyl fluoride at 50 [degree]C for 20 min. When the method was applied in the determination of C18A5C (an AAC oil displacement agent containing eighteen alkyl and five amino groups) a linear calibration curve was obtained from 1.0 to 100.0 [small mu ]g mL-1 with a correlation coefficient of more than 0.999 and a detection limit of 0.05 [small mu ]g mL-1. In the determination of real oil-field water samples, the recovery range of C18A5C was 91.8% to 96.2%, and the intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations were 2.9-3.5% and 3.8-4.3%, respectively. The experimental results demonstrate that this method, with its merits of simplicity in pretreatment, rapidity in derivatization, and stability of the derivatives, can be employed in the analysis of C18A5C and has potential application in the detection of other oil displacement surfactants containing amino groups. It is of great significance to develop a fast, easy-to-operate, sensitive and reliable method for environmental impact assessment.