Hidden $(π,0)$ instability as an itinerant origin of bicollinear antiferromagnetism in Fe$_1+x$Te
By calculating orbitally resolved Pauli susceptibilities within maximally localized Wannier orbital basis transformed from first principles band structures, we find that magnetism in Fe$_1+x$Te still has its itinerant origin even without Fermi surface nesting, provided orbital modulation of particle-hole excitations are considered. This leads to strong magnetic instabilities at wave vector (0,$π$)/($π$,0) in d$_xz$/d$_yz$ orbitals that are responsible for the bicollinear antiferromagnetic state as extra electrons donated from excess Fe are considered. Magnetic exchange coupling between excess Fe and in-plane Fe further stabilizes the bicollinear antiferromagnetic order. Our results reveal that magnetism and superconductivity in iron chalcogenides may have different orbital origin, as Pauli susceptibilities of different orbitals evolve differently as a function of concentration of excess Fe and height of the chalcogen atom measured from the iron plane.