Entanglement negativity and conformal field theory: a Monte Carlo study
We investigate the behavior of the moments of the partially transposed reduced density matrix ρ^T_2_A in critical quantum spin chains. Given subsystem A as union of two blocks, this is the (matrix) transposed of ρ_A with respect to the degrees of freedom of one of the two. This is also the main ingredient for constructing the logarithmic negativity. We provide a new numerical scheme for calculating efficiently all the moments of ρ_A^T_2 using classical Monte Carlo simulations. In particular we study several combinations of the moments which are scale invariant at a critical point. Their behavior is fully characterized in both the critical Ising and the anisotropic Heisenberg XXZ chains. For two adjacent blocks we find, in both models, full agreement with recent CFT calculations. For disjoint ones, in the Ising chain finite size corrections are non negligible. We demonstrate that their exponent is the same governing the unusual scaling corrections of the mutual information between the two blocks. Monte Carlo data fully match the theoretical CFT prediction only in the asymptotic limit of infinite intervals. Oppositely, in the Heisenberg chain scaling corrections are smaller and, already at finite (moderately large) block sizes, Monte Carlo data are in excellent agreement with the asymptotic CFT result.