Faces for two qubit separable states and the convex hulls of trigonometric moment curves
We analyze the facial structures of the convex set consisting of all two qubit separable states. One of faces is a four dimensional convex body generated by the trigonometric moment curve arising from polyhedral combinatorics. Another one is an eight dimensional convex body, which is the convex hull of a homeomorphic image of the two dimensional sphere. Extreme points consist of points on the surface, and any two of them determines an edge. We also reconstruct the trigonometric moment curve in any even dimensional affine space using the qubit-qudit systems, and characterize the facial structures of the convex hull.