Exploring worldviews and their relationships to sustainable lifestyles: Towards a new conceptual and methodological approach
In the global debate on sustainable development, there appears to be a growing recognition of the crucial importance of worldviews vis-à-vis the urgently needed transition to an ecological economy and society. This study therefore aims to support (survey) research exploring worldviews and their complex relationships to sustainable lifestyles. I do this by analyzing and critically challenging existing measures such as the New Environmental Paradigm, and by developing a new conceptual and methodological approach. First, a review of multiple survey-approaches, stemming from different disciplinary and theoretical traditions, is conducted. This results in a meta-analysis of their strengths and weaknesses. On this basis it is concluded that a more optimal approach should be comprehensive and systematic, measure structural worldview-beliefs, and be able to account for human and cultural development. Then, the Integrative Worldview Framework (IWF) is proposed in order to support such a systematic, comprehensive, structural, and dynamic operationalization of the worldview-construct. In this way, a conceptually and methodologically innovative approach to exploring worldviews and their relationship to sustainable behaviors is developed. âº Survey-approaches exploring worldviews and sustainable lifestyles are reviewed. âº This results in a meta-analysis of their strengths and weaknesses. âº An optimal approach should be systematic, structural, comprehensive, and dynamic. âº Therefore the Integrative Worldview Framework (IWF) is proposed. âº The IWF operationalizes worldviews in 5 aspects, such as ontology and epistemology.