Characterization of flow reduction properties in an aneurysm due to a stent.
We consider a lattice Boltzmann simulation of blood flow in a vessel deformed by the presence of an aneurysm. Modern clinical treatments involve introducing a stent (a tubular mesh of wires) into the cerebral artery in order to reduce the flow inside the aneurysm and favor its spontaneous reabsorption. A crucial question is to design the stent with suitable porosity so as to produce the most effective flow reduction. We propose a stent positioning factor as a characterizing tool for stent pore design in order to describe the flow reduction effect and reveal the several flow reduction mechanisms using this effect.