Cosmology with a Continuous Tower of Scalar Fields
We study the cosmological evolution for a universe in the presence of a continuous tower of massive scalar fields which can drive the current phase of accelerated expansion of the universe and, in addition, can contribute as a dark matter component. The tower consists of a continuous set of massive scalar fields with a gaussian mass distribution. We show that, in a certain region of the parameter space, the heavy modes of the tower (those with masses much larger than the Hubble expansion rate) dominate at early times and make the tower behave like the usual single scalar field whose coherent oscillations around the minimum of the potential give a matter-like contribution. On the other hand, at late times, the light modes (those with masses much smaller than the Hubble expansion rate) overcome the energy density of the tower and they behave like a perfect fluid with equation of state ranging from 0 to -1, depending on the spectral index of the initial spectrum. This is a distinctive feature of the tower with respect to the case of quintessence fields, since a massive scalar field can only give acceleration with equation of state close to -1. Such unique property is the result of a synergy effect between the different mass modes. Interestingly, we find that, for some choices of the spectral index, the tower tracks the matter component at high redshifts (or it can even play the role of the dark matter) and eventually becomes the dominant component of the universe and give rise to an accelerated expansion.