Solution structure and DNA-binding properties of a thermostable protein from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus
The archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus expresses large amounts of a small basic protein, Sso7d, which was previously identified as a DNA-binding protein possibly involved in compaction of DNA. We have determined the solution structure of Sso7d. The protein consists of a triple-stranded anti-parallel -sheet onto which an orthogonal double-stranded -sheet is packed. This topology is very similar to that found in eukaryotic Src homology-3 (SH3) domains. Sso7d binds strongly (Kd < 10 M) to double-stranded DNA and protects it from thermal denaturation. In addition, we note that -mono-methylation of lysine side chains of Sso7d is governed by cell growth temperatures, suggesting that methylation is related to the heat-shock response.