Receptor reserve analysis of the human CCR3 receptor in eosinophils and CCR3-transfected cells.
A novel pharmacological study of CCR3 receptor reserve in a CCR3-transfected cell (CREM3) and human eosinophils was done; functional responses measured were increases in intracellular calcium and chemotaxis. Eotaxin, eotaxin-2, monocyte chemoattractant protein-4 (MCP-4), RANTES, and MCP-3 induced similar maximal eosinophil chemotaxis, whereas MCP-3 and RANTES induced submaximal calcium responses in eosinophils compared to eotaxin, MCP-4, and eotaxin-2. This suggested a receptor reserve in the chemotaxis response. Receptor reserve was quantitated for eotaxin. Occupancy of all CCR3 receptors was required for a maximal calcium response in both CREM3 and eosinophils (reserve = 1.0 or 0.17, respectively); the stimulus-calcium response relationship was linear, indicating no receptor reserve. In contrast, in eosinophils a large receptor reserve (6.5) was found for chemotaxis, where occupancy of 15% receptors drove half-maximal responses. These studies indicate that CCR3 interacts with G-proteins that are poorly coupled to the calcium response, whereas coupling efficiency and/or amplification to the chemotaxis apparatus in human eosinophils is significantly greater.