Infinite randomness critical behavior of the contact process on networks with long-range connections
The contact process is studied on long-range connected networks in the presence of random transition rates by means of a strong disorder renormalization group method and Monte Carlo simulations. We focus on the case where the connection probability decays with the distance $x$ as $p(x)∼eqβ x^-2$ in one dimension. Here, the graph dimension of the network can be continuously tuned with $β$. The critical behavior of the model is found to be described by an infinite randomness fixed point which manifests itself in logarithmic dynamical scaling. Estimates of the complete set of the critical exponents, which are found to vary with the graph dimension, are provided by different methods. According to the results, the additional disorder of transition rates does not alter the infinite randomness critical behavior induced by the disordered topology of the underlying random network. This finding opens up the possibility of the application of an alternative tool, the strong disorder renormalization group method to dynamical processes on topologically disordered structures. As the random transverse-field Ising model falls into the same universality class as the random contact process, the results can be directly transferred to that model defined on the same networks.