Aging, phase ordering and conformal invariance
In a variety of systems which exhibit aging, the two-time response function scales as $R(t,s)≈ s^-1-a f(t/s)$. We argue that dynamical scaling can be extended towards conformal invariance, obtaining thus the explicit form of the scaling function $f$. This quantitative prediction is confirmed in several spin systems, both for $T<T_c$ (phase ordering) and $T=T_c$ (non-equilibrium critical dynamics). The 2D and 3D Ising models with Glauber dynamics are studied numerically, while exact results are available for the spherical model with a non-conserved order parameter, both for short-ranged and long-ranged interactions, as well as for the mean-field spherical spin glass.