Effects of aging and caloric restriction on the genotoxicity of four carcinogens in the in vitro rat hepatocyte/DNA repair assay.
The effects of aging and chronic caloric restriction (CR) on the genotoxicity of four carcinogens, representing four different classes of chemicals, in the in vitro rat hepatocyte/DNA repair assay were investigated. Hepatocyte cultures were isolated from young, middle-aged, and old male Fischer (F344) rats which were maintained on either an ad libitum (AL) or a CR diet (60% of AL). Hepatocyte cultures from old AL rats, treated with 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF), aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and dimethylnitrosamine (DMN), exhibited age-related decreases in DNA repair as compared to young AL rats. By contrast, cultures from young CR rats exhibited significant diet-related decreases in DNA repair with 2-AAF, AFB1, DMBA and DMN, when compared to results from young AL diet-fed rats. Old CR F344 rat derived cultures exhibited no significant age-related dose-dependent decrease in the DNA repair response with any of the chemicals tested. However, in cultures from old CR rats 10.0 microM AFB1 produced an age-related decrease in DNA repair from the response observed in young CR rats. When hepatocytes were isolated from Aroclor 1254-induced rats, increases in DNA repair were observed. These data indicate an age- and diet-related decrease in DNA repair and/or DNA damage and suggest that this decrease is due to a decrease in metabolic activation of these carcinogens to genotoxic species.