Inhibition of succinate dehydrogenase and β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase activities by methylmalonate in brain and liver of developing rats
The effects of methylmalonate (MMA) on succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH) activities in brain and liver of 15-day-old rats were studied. The apparentK m of SDH for succinate was 0.45 mmol/L in brain and 0.34 mmol/L in liver. MMA inhibited the enzyme activity in both tissues withK i values of 4.5 mmol/L and 2.3 mmol/L in brain and liver, respectively, and the inhibition was of the reversible competitive type. The calculatedK m for HBDH with β-hydroxybutyrate as substrate was 1.26 mmol/L in brain and 0.36 mmol/L in liver. MMA inhibited the enzyme with aK i value of 0.015 mmol/L in brain and 0.275 mmol/L in liver. These results are probably relevant to our understanding of cerebral metabolism in methylmalonic acidaemic children, especially during ketoacidotic and hypoglycaemic crises, and may be related to the pathogenesis of cerebral dysfunction of methylmalonic acidaemia.