Pyridine-Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes as Gelators for Poly(acrylic acid) Hydrogels
Pyridine-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are prepared from the addition of a pyridine diazonium salt to nanotubes. The location and distribution of the functional groups is determined by atomic force microscopy using electrostatic interactions with gold nanoparticles. The pyridine-functionalized SWNTs are able to act as cross-linkers and hydrogen bond to poly(acrylic acid) to form SWNT hydrogels. The pyridine-functionalized SWNTs are further characterized using Raman, FTIR, UV/vis?NIR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis?mass spectrometry.