Structural attributes of nucleotide sequences in promoter regions of supercoiling-sensitive genes: How to relate microarray expression data with genomic sequences
The level of supercoiling in the chromosome can affect gene expression. To clarify the basis of supercoiling sensitivity, we analyzed the structural features of nucleotide sequences in the vicinity of promoters for the genes with expression enhanced and decreased in response to loss of chromosomal supercoiling in Escherichia coli. Fourier analysis of promoter sequences for supercoiling-sensitive genes reveals the tendency in selection of sequences with helical periodicities close to 10 nt for relaxation-induced genes and to 11 nt for relaxation-repressed genes. The helical periodicities in the subsets of promoters recognized by RNA polymerase with different sigma factors were also studied. A special procedure was developed for the study of correlations between the intensities of periodicities in promoter sequences and the expression levels of corresponding genes. Significant correlations of expression with the AT content and with AT periodicities about 10, 11, and 50 nt indicate their role in regulation of supercoiling-sensitive genes. âº We analyzed and compared E. coli promoter regions of supercoiling-sensitive genes. âº Fourier analysis reveals tendency in selection of helical 10 and 11 nt periodicities. âº 10 and 11 nt periodicities in promoters are related to up- and down regulated genes. âº We found correlations for gene expression and periodicity intensities in promoters. âº The significant role of these periodicities in expression regulation was proved.