Gene-expression profiling in epithelial ovarian cancer.
DNA-microarray technology has made it possible to simultaneously analyze the expression of thousands of genes in a small sample of tumor tissue. In epithelial ovarian cancer, gene-expression profiling has been used to provide prognostic information, to predict response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy, and to discriminate between different histologic subtypes. Furthermore, DNA-microarray technology might permit identification of novel markers for early detection of disease and provide insights into the mechanisms of cancer growth and chemotherapy resistance. In this Review, we summarize the contributions of gene-expression profiling to the diagnosis and management of epithelial ovarian cancer and discuss ways in which this technique could become a useful tool in clinical management.