What is the role of titin in active muscle?
Several properties of muscle defy explanation solely based on the sliding filament-swinging cross-bridge theory. Indeed, muscle behaves as though there is a dynamic "spring" within the sarcomeres. We propose a new "winding filament" mechanism for how titin acts, in conjunction with the cross-bridges, as a force-dependent spring. The addition of titin into active sarcomeres resolves many puzzling muscle characteristics.