Percolative Superconductivity in $\mathrmM\mathrmg_1-x\mathrmB_2$
Our results from various transport experiments on Mg1-xB2 indicate a surprising effect associated with the presence of a Mg deficiency in MgB2: the phase separation between Mg-vacancy rich and Mg-vacancy poor phases. The Mg-vacancy poor phase is superconducting, but the insulating nature of the Mg-vacancy rich phase probably originates from the Anderson (disorder-induced) localization of itinerant carriers. Furthermore, electron diffraction measurements indicate that within vacancy-rich regions these defects tend to order with intriguing patterns. This electronic phase separation in Mg1-xB2 shows similar, but also distinct characteristics compared with that observed in La2CuO4+δ.