Inorganic iodine incorporation into soil organic matter: evidence from iodine K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure
The transformation of inorganic iodine (I− and IO3−) incubated in soils with varying amounts of organic matter (Andosols from the surface layer of an upland field and forest, as well as Acrisols from surface and subsurface layers of an upland field) was investigated by using the iodine K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES). After 60 d of reaction, both I− and IO3− were transformed into organoiodine in surface soils containing sufficient amounts of organic matter, whereas IO3− remained unchanged in the subsurface soil of Acrisols with low organic matter contents. Transformation of IO3− into organoiodine was not retarded when the microbial activity in soil was reduced by Î³-ray irradiation, suggesting that microbial activity was not essential for the transformation of inorganic iodine into organoiodine. Soil organic matter has the ability to transform inorganic iodine into organoiodine.