The Magnetosphere of the Ultracool Dwarf DENIS 1048–3956
Ultracool dwarfs, the least-massive contributors to the stellar mass function, exhibit striking magnetic properties that are inconsistent with trends for more massive stars. Here, we present the widest-band radio observations to date of an ultracool dwarf, DENIS-P J104814.9–395604, in four 2 GHz bandwidths between wavelengths of 1 cm and 10 cm. These data were obtained with the Australia Telescope Compact Array using the new Compact Array Broadband Backend instrument. We detected a stable negatively sloped power-law spectrum in total intensity, with spectral index α = 1.71 ± 0.09. Circular polarization fractions between 0.25 and 0.4 were found at the low-frequency end of our detection band. We interpret these results as indicative of gyrosynchrotron emission. We suggest that the radio emission originates from beyond the corotation radius, R C , of the star. Adopting this model, we find R C between 1.2 R * and 2.9 R * , and a non-thermal electron density and magnetic field strength between 10 5 and 10 7.2 cm –3 and between 70 and 260 G, respectively, at R C . The model accounts for the violation of the Güdel-Benz relation between X-ray and radio luminosities of low-mass stars by DENIS-P J104814.9–395604.