A Surrogate-Based Approach to Reduced-Order Dynamic Stall Modeling
The surrogate-based recurrence framework (SBRF) approach to reduced-order dynamic stall modeling associated with pitching/plunging airfoils subject to fixed or time-varying freestream Mach numbers is described. The SBRF is shown to effectively mimic full-order two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics solutions for unsteady lift, moment, and drag, but at a fraction of the computational cost. In addition to accounting for realistic helicopter rotor blade dynamics, it is shown that the SBRF can model advancing rotor shock induced separation as well as retreating blade stall associated with excessive angles of attack. Therefore, the SBRF is ideally suited for a variety of rotary-wing aeroelasticity and active/passive design optimization studies that require high-fidelity aerodynamic response solutions with minimal computational expense.