Quantitative evaluation of defect-models in superconducting phase qubits
We use high-precision spectroscopy and detailed theoretical modeling to determine the form of the coupling between a superconducting phase qubit and a two-level defect. Fitting the experimental data with our theoretical model allows us to determine all relevant system parameters. We observe a strong qubit-defect coupling with a nearly vanishing longitudinal component. We quantitatively compare several existing theoretical models for the microscopic origin of two-level defects.