Interactive Teaching for Vision-Based Mobile Robots: A Sensory-Motor Approach
For the last decade, we have been developing a vision-based architecture for mobile robot navigation. Using our bio-inspired model of navigation, robots can perform sensory-motor tasks in real time in unknown indoor as well as outdoor environments. We address here the problem of autonomous incremental learning of a sensory-motor task, demonstrated by an operator guiding a robot. The proposed system allows for semisupervision of task learning and is able to adapt the environmental partitioning to the complexity of the desired behavior. A real dialogue based on actions emerges from the interactive teaching. The interaction leads the robot to autonomously build a precise sensory-motor dynamics that approximates the behavior of the teacher. The usability of the system is highlighted by experiments on real robots, in both indoor and outdoor environments. Accuracy measures are also proposed in order to evaluate the learned behavior as compared to the expected behavioral attractor. These measures, used first in a real experiment and then in a simulated experiment, demonstrate how a real interaction between the teacher and the robot influences the learning process.