Entropy Bounds and Dark Energy
Entropy bounds render quantum corrections to the cosmological constant $Λ$ finite. Under certain assumptions, the natural value of $Λ$ is of order the observed dark energy density $∼ 10^-10 eV^4$, thereby resolving the cosmological constant problem. We note that the dark energy equation of state in these scenarios is $w ≡ p / ρ = 0$ over cosmological distances, and is strongly disfavored by observational data. Alternatively, $Λ$ in these scenarios might account for the diffuse dark matter component of the cosmological energy density.