Long range two-particle rapidity correlations in A+A collisions from high energy QCD evolution
Long range rapidity correlations in A+A collisions are sensitive to strong color field dynamics at early times after the collision. These can be computed in a factorization formalism \citeGelisLV5 which expresses the $n$-gluon inclusive spectrum at arbitrary rapidity separations in terms of the multi-parton correlations in the nuclear wavefunctions. This formalism includes all radiative and rescattering contributions, to leading accuracy in $α_sΔ Y$, where $Δ Y$ is the rapidity separation between either one of the measured gluons and a projectile, or between the measured gluons themselves. In this paper, we use a mean field approximation for the evolution of the nuclear wavefunctions to obtain a compact result for inclusive two gluon correlations in terms of the unintegrated gluon distributions in the nuclear projectiles. The unintegrated gluon distributions satisfy the Balitsky-Kovchegov equation, which we solve with running coupling and with initial conditions constrained by existing data on electron-nucleus collisions. Our results are valid for arbitrary rapidity separations between measured gluons having transverse momenta $p_⊥,q_⊥\gtrsim \qs$, where $\qs$ is the saturation scale in the nuclear wavefunctions. We compare our results to data on long range rapidity correlations observed in the near-side ridge at RHIC and make predictions for similar long range rapidity correlations at the LHC.