Enthalpy of Solvation Correlations for Gaseous Solutes Dissolved in Water and in 1-Octanol Based on the Abraham Model
Data have been assembled on the enthalpies of solvation of 373 compounds in water and 138 compounds in 1-octanol. It is shown that an Abraham solvation equation with five descriptors can be used to correlate the experimental solvation enthalpies to within standard deviations of 3.68 kJ/mol (water) and 2.66 kJ/mol (1-octanol). The derived correlations provide very accurate mathematical descriptions of the observed enthalpies of solvation, which in the case of water span a range of 150 kJ/mol. Division of the experimental values into a training set and a test set shows that there is no bias in predictions and that the predictive capability of the correlations is better than 4 kJ/mol.