Theory and Simulation of Diffusion-Controlled Michaelis−Menten Kinetics for a Static Enzyme in Solution†
We develop a uniform theory for the many-particle diffusion-control effects on the Michaelis?Menten scheme in solution, based on the Gopich?Szabo relaxation-time approximation (Gopich, I. V.; Szabo, A. J. Chem. Phys. 2002, 117, 507). We extend the many-particle simulation algorithm to the Michaelis?Menten case by utilizing the Green function previously derived for excited-state reversible geminate recombination with different lifetimes (Gopich, I. V.; Agmon, N. J. Chem. Phys. 2000, 110, 10433). Running the simulation for representative parameter sets in the time domain and under steady-state conditions, we find poor agreement with classical kinetics but excellent agreement with some of the modern theories for bimolecular diffusion-influenced reactions. Our simulation algorithm can be readily extended to the biologically interesting case of dense patches of membrane-bound enzymes.