Lg waves and structural boundaries
The propagation of Lg waves in complex media can be described either by means of a modal superposition scheme with numerical integration through the heterogeneity or by using ray diagrams. Rays are set off at equal horizontal intervals in a stratified zone adjacent to the heterogeneity, with phase velocities appropriate to particular modes. The constructive interference pattern in the stratified medium is modified in the horizontally varying region to give a graphic illustration of the propagation effects. The ray method agrees well with the modal calculations but may be conveniently applied in more general circumstances, e.g., to include surface topography or permanent changes in crustal structure.