Two-phase damage modeling of concrete affected by alkali–silica reaction under variable temperature and humidity conditions
In the present work the concrete affected by alkali–silica reaction (ASR) is represented as a two-phase material made of a solid skeleton and a wet expanding gel, which exerts a pressure capable of severely damaging the concrete surrounding the reactive sites. Both the effects of temperature and humidity conditions on the kinetic of the chemical reaction and on the final value of the consequent expansion are included in the proposed model. The mechanical degradation induced by the ASR is described by a phenomenological isotropic damage model. The constitutive model, implemented in a finite element code, is used for the analyses of structures made of reactive concrete in the presence of temperature and moisture gradients. Firstly the temperature and humidity fields are obtained through uncoupled heat and moisture transport analyses and then the chemo-mechanical analysis is performed starting from the values of temperature and humidity preliminary calculated.