Phase II study of subcutaneous octreotide in adults with recurrent or progressive meningioma and meningeal hemangiopericytoma.
The objective of this phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous octreotide therapy for the treatment of recurrent meningioma and meningeal hemangiopericytoma. Octreotide is an agonist of somatostatin receptors, which are frequently expressed in meningioma, and reports have suggested that treatment with somatostatin agonists may lead to objective response in meningioma. Patients with recurrent/progressive meningioma or meningeal hemangiopericytoma were eligible for enrollment; those with atypical/anaplastic meningioma or hemangiopericytoma must have experienced disease progression despite radiotherapy or have had a contraindication to radiation. Patients received subcutaneous octreotide with a goal dose of 500 μg 3 times per day, as tolerated. Imaging was performed every 3 months during therapy. The primary outcome measure was radiographic response rate. Eleven patients with meningioma and 1 with meningeal hemangiopericytoma were enrolled during the period 1992-1998. Side effects included diarrhea (grade 1 in 4 patients and grade 2 in 2), nausea or anorexia (grade 1 in 4 patients), and transaminitis (grade 1 in 1 patient). One patient developed extra hepatic cholangiocarcinoma, which was likely unrelated to octreotide therapy. No radiographic responses were observed. Eleven of the 12 patients experienced progression, with a median time to progression of 17 weeks. Two patients experienced long progression-free intervals (30 months and ≥18 years). Eleven patients have died. Median duration of survival was 2.7 years. Immunohistochemical staining of somatostatin receptor Sstr2a expression in a subset of patients did not reveal a correlation between level of expression and length of progression-free survival. Octreotide was well-tolerated but failed to produce objective tumor response, although 2 patients experienced prolonged stability of previously progressive tumors.