Characterizing disordered fermion systems using the momentum-space entanglement spectrum
The use of quantum entanglement to study condensed matter systems has been flourishing in critical systems and topological phases. Additionally, using real-space entanglement entropies and entanglement spectra one can characterize localized and delocalized phases of disordered fermion systems. Here we instead propose the momentum-space entanglement spectrum as a means of characterizing disordered models. We show that localization in 1D arises from the momentum space entanglement between left and right movers and illustrate our methods using explicit models with spatially correlated disorder that exhibit phases which avoid complete Anderson localization. The momentum space entanglement spectrum clearly reveals the location of delocalized states in the energy spectrum and can be used as a signature of the phase transition between a delocalized and localized phase.