Flooding: the survival strategies of plants
Floodplains and wetlands are highly suitable for plant ecological studies, whether for agricultural interests, nature conservation or basic science. Traditional work has entailed a descriptive approach at the community or individual plant level. Nowadays these studies are evolving into physiological research on relationships between flooding stress and vegetation zonation. Current experiments aim to unravel the adaptive mechanisms whereby terrestrial plants cope with the peculiar conditions of the floodplain, from the whole plant down to the cell.