Semiparametric regression estimation in the presence of dependent censoring
We propose a semiparametric estimation procedure for estimating the regression of an outcome Y, measured at the end of a fixed follow-up period, on baseline explanatory variables X, measured prior to start of follow-up, in the presence of dependent censoring given X. The proposed estimators are consistent when the data are 'missing at random' but not 'missing completely at random' (Rubin, 1976), and do not require full specification of the complete data likelihood. Specifically, we assume that the probability of censoring at time t is independent of the outcome Y conditional on the recorded history up to t of a vector of time-dependent covariates that are correlated with Y. Our estimators can be used to adjust for dependent censoring and nonrandom noncompliance in randomised trials studying the effect of a treatment on the mean of a response variable of interest. Even with independent censoring, our methods allow the investigator to increase efficiency by exploiting the correlation of the outcome with a vector of time-dependent covariates.